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Smart Digital Art Objects
Certification Protocol

Smart Digital Art Objects

Smart Digital Art Objects are digital artworks in form of digital files that are certified by the artists.

A Digital Object is usually considered a digital file with any type of format and information, like a picture with a jpeg, a song with a mp3, or video files and even texts. Usually digital objects are infinitely duplicable. However it's possible to authenticate and certify the uniqueness of a digital object by attaching to it digital signatures and contracts through cryptography’s digital algorithms.

The potential of cryptographical certification also enables these digital art objects to be exchanged as property - like any other type of art object - which can be claimed through possessing the cryptographic keys for the object.

This type of property is different than the others we used to know. The object is still infinitely duplicable, easy transferable and it can be used and accessed by anyone, yet it has a defined owner.

This evolved, hybrid notion of private property is liberating the potential of property to be owned by anyone and everyone, while at the same time allowing for private ownership. Copies of the property can be shared by everyone to prosper from the distribution of benefits and joy of the actual goods, while the owner of the property is still able to care for it and claim ownership over the object.

Specifically, digital objects can be exchanged between peers, and yet can only have a single owner, and are able to be protected against theft and forgery through the use of cryptography.

The Smart Digital Art Objects look like regular files. When they are bought and owned by a collector they come with documents as such as certificates of authenticity validating the authorship, contracts attesting the ownership, and records to prove the uniqueness of the artwork.

As in the traditional model, the ownership is certified and verified by documents that are signed by the parties involved in the transaction and the records that indicate the details of the property. With cryptography the signatures, contracts and records have refined security protocols to more fully embed in property certification and verification systems. Although the cryptography is complex, owners of digital art objects would never need to know anything about it.

Moreover, the Smart Digital Art Objects are unique in the composition of their data: in a sense, the artist never produces multiples of the same artwork, hence every artwork has unique qualities created by unique details and data.

Implementation of the Certification and Verification Protocol of Smart Digital Art Objects
The implementation of the certification and the verification is managed through a self contained system of certificates that are pgp-signed with relevant details. The artist digitally signs the artwork with his private key, producing a unique hash-key that includes the documents that define the property exchange and authenticity.

The documents that certify the Smart Digital Art Objects:
- Certificate of Authenticity with details of the artwork sold.
- Contract between the artist and the buyer.
- Records of the artwork with pictures and Hash-ID of it.
- Public signature of the artist (PGP Public key and its ID hex)

Straightforward implementation of certification and authentication of the artwork:
- The artist signs the certificate of authenticity and the contract with his private PGP Key.
- The artist creates a Hash-ID of the artwork within the signed certificate and the contract, and releases it with the Digital Art Object.
- The artist delivers the artworks to the collectors with the Hash-ID and the other documents digitally signed.

Straightforward implementation of verification of the authenticity and ownership of the artwork:
- Evidence with the names and signatures on the contract and certificate regarding the artwork.
- Evidence with the Hash-ID of the artwork within the documents and signature.
- Evidence with the PGP Public Key on public keychain servers or printed documents.

Smart property was first proposed by Nick Szabo in 1994
Smart Contracts: Building Blocks for Digital Markets
Copyright (c) 1994-1996 by Nick Szabo

Transferable virtual property:

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